An actively managed account holds a portfolio of individual securities chosen by a professional investment manager, in an effort to meet a particular investment objective. We provide a regular accounting of the account’s performance, as each investor owns individual securities rather than shares of a common fund. Actively managed accounts offer a number of advantages over mutual funds but generally require a higher initial investment and may charge higher fees. At Doffin, we incorporate the following investments in our actively managed accounts:
A mutual fund is an investment product created and managed by an investment company that sells shares to investors and pools the capital it raises to purchase a diversified portfolio, typically of stocks, bonds, or cash equivalents, or a combination. An open-end mutual fund makes a continuous offering of its shares and will buy back any shares an investor wishes to redeem, or sell back, at its net asset value (NAV). A sales charge, known as a load, may apply.
Stocks are equity investments that represent part ownership in a corporation. Stock in publicly held companies can be bought or sold on exchanges or over-the-counter, at prices established by supply and demand. Common stock gives shareholders voting rights on certain corporate matters but does not guarantee dividend payments, or a share of corporate profits.
Exchange traded funds (ETFs) are pooled investments that resemble open-ended index mutual funds but are listed on an exchange and traded in the secondary market at prices determined by supply and demand. Each ETF holds a portfolio of stocks, bonds, commodities or investment products, in most cases replicating the makeup of a specific market index.
Futures are derivative investment products whose market prices reflect, or are derived from, the changing value of the underlying commodity. Commodities can be consumable, such as oil or wheat, or financial, such as a currency or a stock index. A futures contract spells out the rights and obligations of the buyer and seller, the underlying instrument, the quantity, the price and the date the transaction will be completed.
A hedge fund is an illiquid private investment partnership open to institutions and wealthy individual investors. It typically requires a substantial initial investment and a long-term commitment. A hedge fund pursues returns though a specific investment strategy or combination of strategies, often including leverage, that involve taking substantial risk.